The signatory organizations and movements continue to cooperate in combating hate speech targeting members of the LGBTIQ+ community in the MENA region. We are very concerned about the consequences of this hate speech, which was exposed in a report entitled "Hate Speech Spreads like Wildfire" issued today by a number of partner organizations and initiatives, where the report shows that 77% of the monitored sample was exposed to hate speech during the last period, 24% expressed thinking about harming themselves because of the hate messages they received, and that most of these messages were published on the Facebook platform (92%). As for the nature of the messages, they contained insults and defamation (36%) as well as threats (16%), or calls for self-harm and violence (25%). 84% of these messages were from unknown people, 28% from friends, 19% from coworkers, and 17% from family members.

 

Last month, following the release by 22 regional and international organizations of an open letter regarding the spread of hate speech on Facebook, a number of LGBTIQ+ activists, initiatives and organizations in the region began a conversation with the Facebook administration and specifically, the Department of Public Policy in the MENA region. We shared with them our concerns and recommendations regarding limiting the spread of hate speech, most importantly putting gate speech towards sexual orientation and gender identity a top priority matter, training the Facebook team in the MENA region, adjusting Facebook's community standards to ensure the fight against hate speech, and promote equality and non-discrimination policies, in line with the international covenants, while preserving freedom of opinion and expression.

 

Based on these discussions, Facebook has deleted a third of the links that we had reported, and Facebook explained that the other two-thirds were not deleted for several reasons. The main reason being, A) that in general, the links containing incitement against individuals were deleted, but Facebook’s policy regarding freedom of opinion and expression allows "attacks on concepts/ideology". So violence and attacks specifically targeting LGBTIQ+ individuals were taken down, but the posts targeting LGBTIQ+ identity as an “ideology” were not. B) For the same reasons, it is not prohibited by Facebook community standards to call homosexuality or transgenderism a “sexual deviation”.

At the same time, the Facebook administration has increased the classification of hate speech reports based on sexual orientation and gender identity in the region on the top of its priority list in terms of reviewing.



 

Appreciating these efforts, we call on them to take further steps to combat all forms of discrimination, stigmatization, and inequality against LGBTIQ+ community on its platform, including:

1- work to prevent the spread of un-scientific prejudices related to homosexuality, including but not limited to, pages and publications supporting (Practices of so-called “conversion therapy) for homosexual individuals, as the United Nations recently confirmed in a report that Conversion Therapy poses a threat to LGBTIQ+ lives around the world. And that all treatment efforts "are based on the belief that a person's sexual orientation and gender identity can and should be changed or suppressed when they do not fall under what the majority believes, especially when the person is lesbian, gay, bisexual, trans, or intersex ." The report states that "subjecting to Conversion Therapy practices is degrading, inhuman and cruel acts and creates a high risk of torture." 

2- acknowledge that any discourse inciting hatred against the LGBTIQ+ community is targeting individuals as homosexuality is not an ideology but an essential component of the identity of individuals, and such discourse is used to practice more repression and violence against the LGBTIQ+ community. For instance, publications accusing the LGBTIQ+ community to be Freemasons or Devil worshippers can lead to physical violence or threats towards the concerned individuals in the region.

3- take further work to find a specific, clear, and complete definition of the different kinds of hate speech, provided that it includes all forms of direct and indirect discrimination against the LGBTIQ+ community and individuals - taking care that the strategy and action plan never call for restrictions on freedom of expression and opinion to address hate speech. 

4- support alternative and positive speech and anti-hate narratives carried out by individuals, initiatives, and organizations working in the field and supporting LGBTIQ+ people in the MENA region.

 

It is worth noting that the organizations, initiatives, and activists participating in these discussions are making every effort to work at all levels to address such speeches and commit to making more effort and promoting joint work for the success of these discussions. Besides, these discussions coincide with the long-term commitment of the United Nations to protect, promote, and implement all international human rights standards. Incidentally, we renew our request that UN human rights mechanisms - in particular the High Commissioner for Human Rights and the Independent Expert on protection against violence and discrimination based on sexual orientation and gender identity, to urgently act to stop these ongoing rhetoric in order to maintain peace and security for all members of the LGBTIQ+ community in the region and worldwide.

 

If you have any additional questions about the discussions or "Hate Speech Spreads like Wildfire" report , please do not hesitate to contact us.

 

Thank you for your consideration,


Sincerely,

  1. ANKH association (Arab Network for Knowledge about Human rights) Euro-Mediterranean region

  2. ATYAF Collective for sexual and gender diversity -Morocco

  3. Barra El Sour Initiative - Egypt

  4. Bedayaa Organization - Egypt and Sudan

  5. HuMENA for Human Rights and Civic Engagement  - MENA region

  6. Initiative franco-égyptienne pour les droits les libertés - France

  7. Mawjoudin Initiative for Equality - Tunisia

  8. Mesahat Foundation for Sexual and Gender Diversity - Egypt and Sudan

  9. Nassawiyat - Morocco

  10. Planet Ally - Australia

  11. LGBT Arabic - MENA region 

  12. Solidarity with Egypt LGBTQ+ - Egypt

  13. The Egyptian Human Rights Forum - Egypt

  14. The medical and psychosociale village - Morocco

  15. Women's center for guidance and legal awareness -Egypt

  16. My.Kali magazine  - MENA region

  17. EuroMed Rights - Belgium

  18. The Tunisian association for positive prevention - Tunisia

  19. The 49% - USA

  20. Rainbow Egypt - Egypt

  21. SAQFE COLLECTIVE  - MOROCCO

ANKH
Ankh association has been established by a group of activists from Egypt who have moved to France in recent years due to the difficult situation there. Our aim is to support minority rights in the Euromediterranean region.

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